< Lesson 9
Lihan Taifun (teaching)
»»»◊«««Practicing nominative plurals:
osellë (kinswoman) ––> oselli
Maia ––> Maiar,
Vala ––> Valar
elda (High Elf) ––> eldar
»»»◊«««How do you pronounce í? The same as i, but the syllable will be accented. Why one-syllable words have accents is a mystery. Though it might explain why some one-syllable words are sometimes written with and sometimes without an accent.
Handy new vocabulary word:
“Á tulta _____" for the command, "Bring ____!"
Á tulta parma! Bring the book!
Nienna tulta parmá. Nienna brings the book.
Ilmarë tulta parmar. Ilmare brings the books. (Third-Age style)
Ilmarë tulta parmai. Ilmare brings the books. (Valinorian style)
Ilmarë tulta lassí. Ilmare brings leaves
Shawn tulta parmai ar lassi.
I see a ship Cenen cirya.
I see ships Cenen ciryar, or ciryai in Valinorian
Cenen mar I see home
Cenen marinya I see my home
mírinya my jewels,
osellenya my sister
Give Maisy to Olwë. Á anta Maisy Olwen
Give Maisy an apple! Á anta Maisyn orva/orvá. (This is the kind of question that comes up when a language has to deal with “loan words” from other languages. Here I am assuming -y in “Maisy” acts the same as a Quenya -i ending. Other people might handle it differently.)
Á anta parma (parmá) osellenyan. Give my sister the book
Á anta parmanya (parmanyá) Niennan Give my book to Nienna.
“Nar” (fire) is closely related to “Anar” (Sun). The months “Narvinyë”, “Nárië”, and “Narquelië” refer to the Sun, rather than literally fire. Possibly you could say the Sun is named “The Fire”.
after (in time), in front of (in location) apa, epë
before (in time) nó
behind (in location) ca
together with as
without ú (use genitive noun) (or prefix au-, ava-)
outside, beside (in location) ara
in, within mi
to, toward ana
across, on both sides, over, beyond arta
above, over or
on behalf of rá (use a dative noun)
like, as vë
on the contrary anat
and yet ananta
> Lesson 11
> Lesson 11