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Wednesday, August 18, 2010

Celeborn & Galadriel - Reading Material

"There is no part of the history of Middle-Earth more full of problems than the story of Galadriel and Celeborn, and it must be admitted that there are severe inconsistancies 'embedded in the traditions'; or to look at the matter from another point of view, that the role and importance of Galadriel only emerged slowly, and that her story underwent continual refashionings."
Christopher Tolkien, Unfinished Tales

Christopher Tolkien also makes clear that the versions of stories chosen for the Silmarillion were chosen primarily as the most fully written out, not necessarily because they were his father's final decision on a topic.

* What group of elves did Celeborn come from? Where did he and Galadriel meet?
* What was Galadriel's motive for leaving Aman? Would she have been allowed to return at the end of the First Age, if she had wished?
* Which side did she fight on, at the Kinslaying?
* Was Amroth their son, or a completely unrelated prince of the land that was later known as Lórien?

[At the time of Fëanor's oath]
"But Galadriel, the only woman of the Noldor to stand that day tall and valiant among the contending princes, was eager to be gone. No oaths she swore, but the words of Fëanor concerning Middle-earth had kindled in her heart, for she yearned to see the wide unguarded lands and to rule there a realm at her own will."
Silmarillion, "Of the Flight of the Noldor"
[Galadriel and Fingon led the group of Noldor who crossed the Helcaraxë ice.]

"After the overthrow of Morgoth at the end of the First Age a ban was set on her return, and she had replied proudly that she had no wish to do so."
 The Road Goes Ever On, quoted in Unfinished Tales

"Galadriel was the greatest of the Noldor, except Fëanor maybe, though she was wiser than he, and her wisdom increased with the long years.

"Her mother name was Nerwen ('man-maiden'), and she grew to be tall beyond the measure even of the women of the Noldor; she was strong of body, mind, and will, a match for both the loremasters and the athletes of the Eldar in the days of their youth. Even among the Eldar she was accounted beautiful, and her hair was held a marvel unmatched. ... the Eldar said that the light of the Two Trees ... had been snared in her tresses. Many thought that this saying first gave to Fëanor the thought of imprisoning and blending the light of the Trees that later took shape in his hands as the Silmarils. For Fëanor beheld the hair of Galadriel with wonder and delight. He begged three times for a tress, but Galadriel would not give him even one hair. These two kinsfolk, the greatest of the Eldar in Valinor, were unfriends forever.

"She was proud, strong, and self-willed, as were all the descendants of Finwë save Finarfin, and ... she had dreams of far lands and dominions that might be her own to order as she would without tutelage. Yet deeper still there dwelt in her the noble and generous spirit of the Vanyar, and a reverance for the Valar that she could not forget.

"So it came to pass that when the light of Valinor failed, forever as the Noldor thought, she joined the rebellion against the Valar who commanded them to stay; and once she had set foot upon that road of exile she would not relent. ... Even after the merciless assault upon the Teleri and the rape of their ships, though she fought fiercely against Fëanor in defence of her mother's kin, she did not turn back. Her pride was unwilling to return, a defeated suppliant for pardon; but now she burned with desire to follow Fëanor with her anger to whatever lands he might come, and to thwart him in all ways that she could. Pride still moved her when, at the end of the Elder Days after the final overthrow of Morgoth, she refused the pardon of the Valar for all who had fought against him, and remained in Middle-earth."
 from an essay, later than 1968, quoted in Unfinished Tales

"A wholly different story ... of Galadriel's conduct at the time of the rebellion of the Noldor appears in a very late and partly illegible note: the last writing of my father's on the subject ..., set down in the last month of his life.

"... So far from joining in Fëanor's revolt she was in every way opposed to him. She did indeed wish to depart from Valinor and to go into the wide world of Middle-earth for the exercise of her talents. ... This desire of Galadriel's was, it seems, know to Manwë, and he had not forbidden her; but nor had she been given formal leave to depart. Pondering what she might do Galadriel's thoughts turned to the ships of the Teleri, and she went for a while to dwell with her mother's kindred in Alqualondë. There she met Celeborn, who is here again a Telerian prince, the grandson of Olwë of Alqualondë and thus her close kinsman. Together they planned to build a ship and sail in it to Middle-earth; and they were about to seek leave from the Valar for their venture when Melkor fled from Valmar and returning with Ungoliant destroyed the light of the Trees. In Fëanor's revolt that followed ... Galadriel had no part: indeed she with Celeborn fought heroically in defence of Alqualondë against the assault of the Noldor, and Celeborn's ship was saved from them. Galadriel, despairing now of Valinor and horrified by the violence and cruelty of Fëanor, set sail into the darkness without waiting for Manwë's leave, which would undoubtedly been withheld in that hour, however legitimate her desire in itself. It was thus that she came under the ban set upon all departure, and Valinor was shut against her return.

"... In the years after they did not join in the war against Angband, which they judged to be hopeless under the ban of the Valar and without their aid; and their counsel was to withdraw from Beleriand and to build up a power to the eastward .... Galadriel and Celeborn departed over Ered Lindon before the end of the First Age; and when they recieved the permission of the Valar to return into the West they rejected it."
Christopher Tolkien, Unfinished Tales

"Now on a time Finrod and Galadriel his sister were the guests of Thingol their kinsman in Doriath. ... [Finrod was so impressed with Menegroth that he had Nargothrond build, but] Galadriel his sister went not with him to Nargothrond, for in Doriath dwelt Celeborn, kinsman of Thingol, and there was great love between them. Therefore she remained in the Hidden Kingdom, and abode with Melian, and of her learned great lore and wisdom concerning Middle-earth."
Silmarillion, "Of the Return of the Noldor"

"In Lindon south of the Lune dwelt for a time Celeborn, kinsman of Thingol; his wife was Galadriel, greatest of Elven women."
Lord of the Rings, Appendix B

"[Celeborn] was the grandson of Thingol's brother Elmo -- a shadowy figure about whom nothing is told save that he was the younger brother of Elwë (Thingol) and Olwë, and was 'beloved of Elwë with whom he remained.' ... (By this geneology Celeborn was a kinsman of Galadriel the grand-daughter of Olwë of Alqualondë, but not so close as by that in which he became Olwë's grandson.) It is a natural assumption that Celeborn and Galadriel were present at the ruin of Doriath ... but this is nowhere stated."
 Christopher Tolkien, Unfinished Tales

[At the end of the First Age]
"Then Eönwë as herald of the Elder King summoned the Elves of Beleriand to depart from Middle-earth . ..."
"Yet not all the Eldalië were willing to forsake the Hither Lands where they had long suffered and long dwelt; and some lingered many an age in Middle-earth. Among those were Círdan the Shipwright, and Celeborn of Doriath, with Galadriel his wife, who alone remained of those who led the Noldor to exile in Beleriand."
Silmarillion, "Of the Voyage of Eärendil"

"After the overthrow of Morgoth at the end of the First Age a ban was set on her return, and she had replied proudly that she had no wish to do so."
 The Road Goes Ever On, quoted in Unfinished Tales

" 'Concerning Galadriel and Celeborn' The text bearing this title is a short and hasty outline, very roughly composed, with is nonetheless almost the sole narrative source for the events in the West of Middle-earth up to the defeat and expulsion of Sauron from Eriador in the year 1701 of the Second Age. ... It is certain that this present text was composed after the publication of The Lord of the Rings. ... The text is much emended, and it is not always possible to see what belongs to the time of composition of the manuscript and what is indefinitely later.

"Galadriel was the daughter of Finarfin,and sister of Finrod Felagund. She was welcome in Doriath, because her mother Eärwen, daughter of Olwë, was Telerin and the neice of Thingol, and because the people of Finarfin had had no part in the Kinslaying of Alqualondë; and she became a friend of Melian. In Doriath she met Celeborn, granson of Elmo the brother of Thingol. For love of Celeborn, who would not leave Middle-earth (and probably with some pride of her own, for she had been one of those eager to adventure there) she did not go West at the Downfall of Melkor, but crossed Ered Lindon with Celeborn and came into Eriador." ...

"But eventually Galadriel ... preceived that there was an evil controlling purpose abroad in the world, and it seemed to proceed from a source further to the East, beyond Eriador and the Misty Mountains.

"Celeborn and Galadriel therefore went eastwards, about the year 700 of the Second Age, and established the (primarily but by no means solely) Noldor realm of Eregion. It may be that Galadriel chose it because she knew of the Dwarves of Khazad-dûm (Moria). ... Celeborn had no liking for Dwarves of any race (as he showed to Gimli in Lothlórien), and never forgave them for their part in the destruction of Doriath."[But those dwarves were unrelated to the dwarves of Khazad-dûm.]

[The history of the making of the Rings of Power is similar to that told in the Appendices of Lord of the Rings, although here Celeborn and Galadriel are the rulers of the elven kingdom in Eregion, and Celebrimbor works for them. Then, under Sauron's bad influence, Celebrimbor and his smiths revolt and drive Celeborn and Galadriel out of power (around 1350 or 1400 SA). Galadriel moves to the other side of the mountains, and takes up the rule of Lórinand (later Lórien). After the First War of the Rings, at the end of the Second Age, Galadriel leaves her son Amroth in charge of Lórien, and lives variously in Rivendell and Belfalas, until Amroth dies and she returns to Lórien.]

Christopher Tolkien, Unfinished Tale

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